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Brief on India-Ecuador Bilateral Relations

Political Relations:

India-Ecuador established diplomatic relations in 1969. The Embassy of India in Bogotá, Colombia is concurrently accredited to Ecuador. Ecuador opened its Embassy in Delhi in February 2005 and a Consulate General in Mumbai in 2013.

Important Bilateral Visits:

From India: The following high level visits have taken place from India to Ecuador:

  1. Secretary (EAA) Shri Shashank attended the inauguration of ex-President Lucio Gutiérrez in Quito in January 2003.
  2. Visit by Secretary (West) in June 2005 for Foreign Office Consultations.
  3. Minister of State for External Affairs, Shri Anand Sharma, in June 2007
  4. Minister of State for External Affairs Shri. E Ahamed in May 2011 for Foreign Office Consultations.
  5. Minister of State for Commerce & Industry, Smt. D. Purandeswari in April 2013.
  6. Minister of State for External Affairs, Gen.( Retd.) V.K. Singh in May, 2015

From Ecuador to India:

  1. The Minister of Energy and Mines of Ecuador, Mr. Eduardo Lopez, in Jan 2005 and was the key-note speaker at the PetroTech events organized by the Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas.
  2. The Ecuadorian Foreign Minister, Mr. Francisco Carrion Mena, in July 2006.
  3. The Vice Minister of Agriculture, Xavier Cevallos in April 2008.
  4. The Ecuadorian Vice Foreign Minister for FOCs in July 2008.
  5. Minister of Foreign Affairs, Trade & Integration, Ecuador in November 2008.
  6. Minister of Foreign Affairs, Trade & Integration, Ms. Maria Isabel Salvador Crespo in September 2009 for the Doha Round meeting at the invitation of Minister of Commerce.
  7. Vice minister of Foreign Trade and Integration, Mr. Francisco Rivadeneira in April, 2012.
  8. Vice President Gorge Glas Espinel to participate in CII India-LAC Conclave in December, 2013.
  9. Vice Foreign Minister Leonardo Arizaga for FOC in 2014.

Agreements signed:

Economic & Commercial

  • MoU between the two state-owned oil companies – ONGC Videsh Limited of India (OVL) and PetroEcuador in 2006. MoU between Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) and Export and Investment Promotion Council of Ecuador (CORPEI) in 2006.
  • MoU on Agriculture between India and Ecuador in 2008.
  • MoU to set up a Centre for Excellence in Information Technology in 2009.
  • Agreement on Defence Cooperation in 2011.
  • MoU on Economic Cooperation in 2013.

Ministry of External Affairs(MEA) & Foreign Ministry

  • MoU on Foreign Office Consultations in 2000.
  • Agreement between Diplomatic Academies in 2006.
  • Agreement for gainful occupation of the family members of the officials of the respective diplomatic missions of the two countries in 2006.
  • Agreement on exemption of visas for diplomatic & official passport holders in 2007.

Culture & Education:

  • Education Agreement in 2006.
  • Cultural Agreement in 2006.
  • Cultural Exchange Programme 2009-11.

Defence Cooperation:

The Ecuadorian Vice Chief, General Rodrigo Bohorquez, attended Aero India in February 2007 and Brigadier General Raúl Banderas Dueñas attended the Defence Expo. in February 2010. The Ecuador government has a Defence Attaché in its Embassy in Delhi. Defence Attaché in Embassy of India, Santiago, Chile is concurrently accredited to Ecuador.

Trade and Economic relations:

Bilateral trade with Ecuador is increasing consistently over the past years. India´s trade stood at US$660.13 million in 2014. Bilateral trade for January - May, 2015 stood at US$ 373.13 million. Main Export items from Ecuador are crude oil, wood (teak) and cocoa. Main Import items from India are mineral oils, iron and steel, vehicles, machinery and equipment, motorcycles, pharmaceuticals products. Export Promotion Councils have shown considerable interest in Ecuador market in the last few years. Visits by PLEXCONCIL, CHEMEXCIL and PHARMEXCIL have been organized in the recent past. A presentation of ‘Make in India’ was organized by the Embassy in Cooperation with Guayaquil Chamber of Commerce in July 2015.

S.No

Year

Import to India (million USD)

Export by India (million USD)

Total Trade (million USD)

1

2014

317.74

347.38

660.13

2

January-May 2015

62.89

310.24

373.13


Economic and Technical Cooperation:

India has been conducting several capacity building courses for Ecuadorian citizens. This year, Ecuador was offered 30 ITEC slots in total.

A Memorandum of Understanding to establish a Center of Excellence in Information Technology (IAEN) was signed in August 2009 in Quito. The Centre has started functioning at the Northern Technical University in Ibarra, Quito from May 2015 and has already trained more than 7,00 students. Three resident Indian professors have been conducting the courses over there.

On the request of Ecuador, India donated medicines, worth US $ 200,000 to the Ministry of Health of Ecuador in 2008. Another donation of generic medicines from India worth US$ 800,000 was undertaken in August 2010.

Culture & Indian Community:

Indian culture and philosophy are known in Ecuador. International Yoga Day was organized in Ecuador on 21st June, 2015, in Quito, Guayaquil and Ambato. In total, around 600 people participated in the celebrations. The Embassy in cooperation with Ministry of tourism also organized a Food Festival in Guayaquil in July 2015. An ICCR sponsored troupe also performed in Guayaquil.

Indian community in Ecuador is very small. There are around 350 Indian nationals living in Ecuador most of whom work in service sector and small business.

Useful References:

www.embajadaindia.org

http://www.embajadaindia.org/en/useful-links/in-ecuador

https://www.facebook.com/EmbajadaIndiaBogota

https://twitter.com/IndiaEmbBogota





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